Jabalpur's Experience in Garbage Collection and Management Practices

As per the Census 2011, Jabalpur has a population of 1,055,525, with a decadal growth rate of 14.51 percent. The growth of urban population in large Indian cities is leading to the pressure of municipal bodies for effective services, SWM being one of the foremost challenges confronting the municipal bodies. With the availability and increasing affordability of new technologies suitable for city-level deployment, it has now become feasible for municipal bodies to deploy such technologies in the areas of basic service delivery.

Managing solid waste requires huge effort involving street/public places/households-level collection, transportation and proper disposal. However, the use of new technologies such as radio frequency, sensors, etc. offers new ways to reduce the coordination/management effort and optimize the steps required for municipal SWM.

Jabalpur Municipal Corporation (JMC) has initiated a Garbage Collection and Management system to ensure optimal collection, transportation and processing/disposal of wastes.

The main features of the system are:

  • Ensuring waste collection
    • Door-to-Door collection, tracking and monitoring of waste through Radio-frequency identification (RFID) tags on household garbage bins.
    • Suitable collection and monitoring from the public bin (semi-underground bins) through the deployment of Bin Level Sensors (BLS)
  • Vehicle Tracking and Monitoring System (VTMS) for coordination, tracking of SWM vehicles.
  • Estimation of Solid Waste generation for planning with respect to disposal and input waste for Waste to Energy Plant

The VTMS system is being used in conjunction with VTMS solutionsand has resulted in:

  • Ensuring complete coverage of door-to-door and community collection
  • Manage refuse picking routes for SWM
  • Monitoring and tracking all JMC vehicles under SWM department;
  • Reduced human intervention in the monitoring process
  • Monitoring and tracking the refuse weight by the refuse vehicle along the route; integration of refuse transfer-station facilities with the centralized monitoring facility.

The project has enabled Jabalpur to have effective control and management on collection, transfer and disposal of solid waste; this has led to effective solid waste management starting from the household level.

Support and mobilized resources: The cost outlay for the intervention’s RFID component is INR 169.57 crore and for the VTMS component is INR 13.76 crore.